The three new farm acts, which have triggered protests by farmers in Punjab and Haryana, will “corporatize agriculture” and result in the farmers’ exploitation, the Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU) stated in their application filed before the Supreme Court challenging the new laws.
The BKU has assailed Farmers (Empowerment & Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance & Farm Services Act 2020, Farmers Produce Trade & Commerce (Promotion & Facilitation) Act & Amendment to Essential Commodities Act as illegal, arbitrary, and unconstitutional.
“They will pave the way for cartelization and commercialization of agriculture produced and if allowed to stand will completely ruin our country as the corporates can, with one stroke, export our agriculture produce without any regulation,” the plea filed through advocate AP Singh said.
The farmer’s group has further contended that the laws passed are “unconstitutional” and “anti-farmer,” as it would dismantle the Agriculture Produce Market Committee system to ensure fair prices for farm products.
“These laws, if implemented in current form, these laws will spell disaster for the farming community by opening a parallel market that is unregulated and gives enough space for the exploitation of Indian farmers,” reads the application.
The plea states that agriculture’s inherent weakness cannot be addressed by way of farmers’ monetization.The application has been moved in the lead case filed by DMK Member of Parliament, Tiruchi Shiva.
These laws have been assailed in the lead petition on the grounds of being “illegal and wholly unconstitutional,” with the petition stating that the Acts are “anti-farmer and anti-agriculturists” and brought in at a time when the country is grappling with a pandemic with the sole intention to benefit big corporates.
Moreover, the petitioner’s primary contention is that the Parliament enacted the two new Farmers’ laws despite the subject matter for the same being under the State list. It is, therefore, against the principles of federalism and ultra vires Article 246 of the Constitution.
A Bench headed by Chief Justice of India SA Bobde had issued a notice in the petitions in October, and the matter is likely to be taken up after winter vacation.