New Delhi, Dec 1 (GCCurrentAffairs) Cleaning of rivers is a continuous process and the Centre is supplementing the efforts of the state governments in addressing the challenges of pollution of river Ganga by providing financial and technical assistance.
Under Namami Gange Programme, diverse set of interventions like pollution abatement activities including sewage, industrial effluent, solid waste, River Front Management, Aviral Dhara, Rural Sanitation, Afforestation, Biodiversity Conservation, Public Participation have been taken up for cleaning and rejuvenation of river Ganga, official sources said.
So far, a total of 305 projects have been sanctioned at an estimated cost of Rs 28,613.75 crore, out
of which 109 projects have been completed and made operational; rest of the projects are at various
stages of implementation.
They added that as many as 97 cities have been identified along river Ganga which are estimated to
discharge 2953 Million Litres per Day (MLD) (Year 2016) in the river.
For Ganga stem cities, projects have been taken up to create 3308 MLD sewage treatment capacity
against the generation of 2953 MLD (Year 2016). The sewage treatment capacity in Ganga main stem towns have now increased from 1305 MLD (Year 2014) to 1954 MLD, excluding 410 MLD sewage treatment through East Kolkata Wetland. Cleaning of rivers is a continuous process; close monitoring and efforts are being made to complete all the sanctioned projects by March 2022, creating required sewage treatment capacity.
As per Detailed Progress Report (DPR) prepared by Forest Research Institute (FRI), Dehradun, an area of 1,34,106 hectares is to be brought under plantation in the five Ganga States of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal by December 2020, the sources said.
The DPR prescribed 43 numbers of models under four major heads namely Natural landscape, Agricultural landscape, Urban landscape and Conservation intervention.
Since the launch of Namami Gange Programme an area of 30,761 hectares has been plantedor being planted during the period 2016-20.