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Former US secretary of state George Shultz passes away at 100

Washington: Former US secretary of state George P Shultz passed away at his home in California at the age of 100, according to the Hoover Institution at Stanford University where he worked for over 30 years.

“One of the most consequential policymakers of all time, having served three American presidents, George P. Shultz died Feb 6 (Saturday) at age 100. Remembered as one of the most influential secretaries of state in our history, Shultz was a key player, alongside President Ronald Reagan, in changing the direction of history by using the tools of diplomacy to bring the Cold War to an end,” the Hoover Institution said in a statement on Sunday.

He is survived by his wife, Charlotte Mailliard Shultz, his five children, Margaret Ann Tilsworth, Kathlee Pratt Shultz Jorgensen, Peter Milton Shultz, Barbara Lennox Shultz White, and Alexander George Shultz, the statement added.

The cause of his death was not known.

Shultz, who held four different federal Cabinet positions, only second in the US history, was best known for leading the State Department under Ronald Reagan.

He served as secretary of the treasury, as secretary of labor and as director of the Office of Management and Budget.

Shultz was born in New York City on December 13, 1920, and grew up in Englewood, New Jersey. He graduated from Princeton University in 1942 with a bachelor’s degree in economics and shortly after that enlisted in the US Marine Corps where he served through 1945.

In 1955, he served as a senior staff economist on President Eisenhower’s Council of Economic Advisers. Shultz taught at MIT and the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, where he became dean in 1962.

He returned to government when he was appointed Secretary of Labor by president Nixon in 1969. In June 1970, he became the first director of the newly formed Office of Management and Budget. In May 1972, he was named Secretary of the Treasury, a post he held for two years. During this period, Shultz also served as chairman of the Council on Economic Policy, negotiated a series of trade protocols with the Soviet Union, and represented the United States at the Tokyo meeting on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.

Shultz held two key positions in the Reagan administration: chairman of the President’s Economic Policy Advisory Board (1981–82) and Secretary of State (1982–89). As Secretary of State, he played a key role in implementing a foreign policy that led to the successful conclusion of the Cold War and the development of strong relationships between the United States and the countries of the Asia-Pacific region including China, Japan, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

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