‘Marx’! Every other day we come across this word. The ideology that was propagated by the Russian philosopher Karl Marx has become a part of identity for many people who recognize themselves as ‘Marxist’, the ones who believe in ‘Marxism’. However, many amongst them, following the usual attribute of human beings being ignorant or even sometimes dangerously half-informed, seem to throw these words to build political rhetoric with little responsibility.
Karl Marx was himself a ‘realist’ who linked the condition of the world mostly to economic causes. Thus, Marxism fiercely opposes a society burdened by ‘class differences’ which, according to enormous properties exploit the ones beneath them by making them work for long hours in extreme conditions for a meagre wage. Thus, to attain an equal society that is free from such hierarchical structure, it provides for certain necessities. A ‘stateless society, a society with no central authority is an important need as Marxists find central power holders of no use in an equal or egalitarian society. This part of the ideology could be taken as a different take of how human beings shall live together. People, therefore, can accept or reject it according to their own ideas of a perfect society because this type of difference in opinion strengthens both macro and micro arrangement of the nation ultimately. Problem arises when instead of strengthening the arms of the poor; they decide to chop off the arm of the rich, no matter how genuine their hard work has been to achieve their present life.
The second need is to strive for a value-free inquiry, which means a society free from religion, ideas and beliefs as they make a human mind analyse what could be considered as ‘worthy’. Also, these create spatial differences that ultimately divide people. Almost all the religions and Dharma see serving the needy as the best way to serve the power they believe in. Rather, a value-less person clings more to materialism as human nature inclines towards what can make them feel alive. Also, this becomes completely irrelevant on this land where individuals are asked to look for that worthiness within the world inside them rather than outside. While the latter creates differences, the former brings people together irrespective of their social conditions.
Marxism also opposes ‘nationalism’ as it is considered as the seed of division. Firstly, the world gets divided into nations, then into classes. Also, these nations mostly have a central authority. This explains why some people even doubted our Army, Navy or Air-force. However, very ironically this has formed a world where a suicide bomber’s action is justified whereas a nation’s protector is criminalized. Coming back to India, which is surrounded by expansionist powers, could we even have the luxury of even talking about the ideas of these foreign thinkers if we were not safe? From protecting Kashmir from the Pashtun tribes in 1947 to sacrificing their lives in the 1962 China war, our very existence would be in threat if our men in uniform were not guarding the borders. Karl Marx lived in the 19th century when the west was constantly fighting for power when he propounded his philosophies and ideas. Centuries later, are we even close to achieving a borderless world? The only thing making it happen at some level is ‘businesses’- an outcome of Capitalism.
What is more disturbing is the idea of a ‘must’ occurrence of clash between classes to attain the goal. To promote this, a band of terrorists, gangsters, saboteurs, diverted youth and even politicians and intellectuals must work together under cover until they can come out in open. The only loyalty they need to have is for the ‘Communist Party’. This could easily be extrapolated to the large-scale turmoil going around the world today.
Our Mahabharata talks about benefiting every individual in a society, the same way rain does via collecting water from the Earth itself. It does not destroy what exists but nurtures what needs it. Coming such a long way up-to this stage, we humans must not disregard the capacity of someone, discouraging him/her from working hard to achieve a better life just because of some twisted ideology. Care must be taken that no-one is harassed for their social condition. Also, equal opportunity along with affirmations can go a long way. Voicing for the poor is a great deed. But if someone amongst them rises from their condition by sheer hard work and a tinge of luck, pulling him/her down cannot be justified either. After all, respect for dreams is an inseparable part of respect for life.