Continuing with our pursuance of information provided by the Forest Department and Department of Mines & Genealogy of the Goa government; on computing the permissible mining limits data and its excess, it is shocking to learn that organized companies have mined an approximate worth of Rs 857 crore beyond the Environment Clearance Quantity Capping…GoaChronicle.com investigates.
In the first part of the Mining Expose – Its ‘Mine’ to Violate- we exposed that out of the 74 organized mining company leases in operation in Goa, 23 do not have the mandatory licenses or permission under different Central Acts or rules and regulation. We had named the companies operating mines without the requisite licenses and/or permission besides also identifying the places where over mining has been carried out in the Sattari, Sanguem and Quepem talukas.
On further analyzing the documents from Directorate of Mines and Forest Department; we decided to compute the approximate value on the excess mining conducted by organized companies. This particular document is a copy of the document that the Directorate of Mines and Forest Department submitted to the Public Accounts Committee for their investigations on April 18, 2011. This figure computed had been arrived at without taking into consideration that some of the mining companies do not have the mandatory licences or permission under different Central Acts or Rules and Regulations. Just to indicate that even though some mining companies do not have the mandatory persmissions and some do yet in some cases iron ore is extracted beyond permissible limits.
M/s Sesa Goa has over mined the lease it operates over Survey No. 6/55 of Honda village in Sattari Taluka where it is permitted to extract 5 lakh tonnes per annum. However, in the year 2008-09 it extracted 2, 45,562 (an approximate value of Rs 79 crore) tonnes over and above the permitted limit. In the year 2009-10 it again extracted 1, 69,976 (an approximate value of Rs 54 crores) tonnes of excess ore from the same mine. During the last financial year up to January 2011 the company had extracted 12,378 tonnes (approximately Rs 4 crore) of iron ore beyond its permitted capacity. Besides, in survey No. 28/51 of Pissurlem village in the same taluka, this company is permitted to extract 2 lakh tonnes of ore. However, in the year 2009-10 it extracted 2, 26,732 tonnes (approximately Rs 9 crore) which means 26,732 excess of ore was extracted. Taking the total of excess iron ore extracted valued to Rs 146 crore.
M/s Sociedade Timblo Irmaos Limitada has been permitted to extract only 4 lakh tonnes of ore from its site on Survey No. 87/53 in village Sigao of Sanguem taluka. However, in the year 2008-09 it extracted 14,963 tonnes (approximately Rs 5 crore) extra ore. Besides, in Survey No. 88/52 of the same village, the company during the last financial year, up to the month of January had extracted 5, 78,964 tonnes of ore as against its permitted limit of 5, 50,000 tonnes which means extra 28,964 (approximately Rs 9 crore) ore was extracted. In Survey No143/53 of village Sangod in Sanguem taluka, although this company is permitted to extract 5, 40,000 tonnes of ore, during the last financial year, up to the month of January 2011, it had extracted 62,803 (approximately Rs 22 crore) of extra ore. Taking the total of excess iron ore extracted valued to Rs 36 crore.
M/s V S Dempo & Co. Pvt. Ltd. that has now changed ownership, was permitted to extract 11,00,000 tonnes of ore from its lease over Survey No. 20/54 in Onvaliem village of Sattari taluka. However, in the year 2008-09 it extracted 12, 64,656 tonnes of ore thereby extracting 1, 64,656 tonnes (approximately Rs 53 crore) in excess. Similarly while it is permitted to extract only 11, 00,000 tonnes of ore from Survey No. 5/54 of the same village, in 2009-10 it extracted 14, 88,352 tonnes which is 3, 88,352 tonnes (approximately Rs 125 crore) extra. The same company crossed its permitted limit in Survey No. 35/52 of Village Colomb in Sanguem Taluka. Although permitted to extract 1, 00,000 tonnes from this site, during the last financial year up to the month of January, it had exceeded its permitted limit and extracted 34,488 tonnes (approximately Rs 11 crore) of additional ore. Taking the total of excess iron ore extracted valued to Rs 189 crore.
Yet another over exploited mine in Sattari taluka is the one operated by V G Quenim in survey No. 16/55 of Village Sonus. Although the company is permitted to extract 4, 37,000 tonnes of ore from this mine, in the year 2008-09 it extracted 6, 61,683 tonnes and in the year 2009-10 it extracted 7, 18,401 tonnes. This means in 2008-09 it extracted 2, 24,683 tonnes (approximately Rs 72 crores) extra ore in 2008-09 and 2, 81,401 tonnes (approximately Rs 90) crores extra in 2009-10. Taking the total of excess iron ore extracted valued to Rs 162 crore.
V M Salgaonkar during the year 2009-10 extracted 8,79,383 tonnes of ore from its site at Survey No. 13/55 of Village Sigao in Sanguem taluka, even though it is permitted to extract only 7,20,000 tonnes of ore. This means that it extracted 1, 59,383 tonnes (approximately Rs 51 crore) of extra ore. Taking the total of excess iron ore extracted valued to Rs 51 crore.
Similarly, M/s Chowgule & Co. Ltd., during the year 2009-10 in its mine in Onda, Sattari with Survey number 98/52 extracted 3, 23,034 tonnes of iron ore even though its permissible limit stipulated was 3, 00,000 tonnes. It was 23,034 tonnes (approximately Rs 7 crore) extra iron ore. During the year 2009-10 extracted 6,12,270 tonnes of ore from Survey No. 22/50 of Village Costi in Sanguem Taluka even though its permitted limit per annum is 4,20,000 tonnes. This translates into 2, 52,270 tonnes (approximately Rs 81 crore) of excess ore. Taking the total of excess iron ore extracted valued to Rs 88 crore.
Yet another company that has over exploited the lease is M/s Mineira National Ltd at its site on Survey No. 62/51 of Village Santona/Kirlapal of Sanguem taluka. Although it is permitted to extract 7, 00,000 tonnes of ore per year, in the year 2009-10 it extracted 11, 63,866 tonnes which is 4, 63,866 tonnes (approximately Rs 149 crore) extra ore. Taking the total of excess iron ore extracted valued to Rs 149 crore.
From 2008 up to January 2011; government records shows an excess of 24, 89,493 tonnes, though negligible at first glance, its enormity can also be ascertained when put an approximate value to the excess is computed. The approximate value is estimated to be around Rs 857 crore. But it could be more.
Our calculation matrix
The price of Iron ore exported out of Goa varies between USD 50 per ton to sometimes as high as USD 110. However for the purpose of fair and unbiased calculation, we decided to take an average of USD 70 per ton to reach at an approximate value of the iron ore mined beyond the Environmental Clearance Quantity Capping. We have kept the exchange rate at Rs 46 to USD 1. While many might argue that the figure estimated could be much higher; GoaChronicle.com believes that matrix adopted by us, is to provide for introspection on the approximate value of excess mined iron ore.