Nepal Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli stood a floor test at the House of Representatives on Monday in which he lost the vote of confidence. 93 members voted in favour of the motion while 124 voted against the motion, and 15 remained neutral, leading to PM Oli’s loss. President of Nepali Congress Sher Bahadur Deuba which is the main opposition party and Chairman Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre), Pushpa Kamal Dahal spoke against the motion. Leaders of Janata Samajwadi Party-Nepal, Mahanta Thakur, and Upendra Yadav preferred to remain neutral stating their demands were abandoned by the government made by them. After losing the vote of confidence KP Oli’s party has fallen in minority. KP Oli made a last-minute appeal to where he urged his party members to vote in his favour. K.P Oli also presented the list of achievements by his government, from the inauguration of various infrastructures, students’ enrolment, digitization of services, completion of Melamchi project, increment in agricultural produce, among others — claiming that these were some of many feats accomplished by his government. “This government has achieved so much, never before accomplishments. There is no need to mistrust the government and vote against it” Oli said.
“All the honourable members of the CPN-UML Parliamentary Party are aware that a special session and meeting of the House of Representatives is being held from 1 pm today to take a vote of confidence by the Prime Minister. Given the situation, I would like to reiterate that if there is an internal disagreement or dissatisfaction, it can be resolved through mutual discussion,” KP Oli twitted.
नेकपा (एमाले) संसदीय दलका सबै माननीय सदस्यहरूलाई अवगत नै छ, प्रधानमन्त्रीले विश्वासको मत लिने प्रयोजनका लागि आज दिनको १ बजेबाट प्रतिनिधिसभाको विशेष अधिवेशन र बैठक बस्दैछ ।त्यस प्रयोजनका लागि प्रधानमन्त्रीको पक्षमा मतदान गर्न दलका तर्फबाट जानकारी गराइएको छ।
— K P Sharma Oli (@kpsharmaoli) May 10, 2021
On 9th May a faction of CPN-UML led by Madhav Kumar and Jhalanath Khanal had given an ultimatum to KP Oli revive party committees and structures that existed before the UML’s merger with the CPN-Maoist Centre and commit to running the party based on consensus by 10th May 9 am. A leader of the Khanal faction told the media that his faction would take further steps if KP Oli fails to meet demands and when asked to be more specific, Bhattarai said, “We have called our party lawmakers at Singha Durbar tomorrow in the morning. You can interpret yourselves what that means.”
Hours after Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli failed to secure enough numbers in the House of Representatives to win the vote-of-confidence motion, President Bidya Devi Bhandari has called on parties to form a majority government by Thursday. She has allotted all the parties three days and has asked them to present their majority claim to the government by 9:00 pm on Thursday. The Office of the President, in a statement issued today, said President Bhandari has decided to call on parties to form a majority government according to Article 76 (2) of the Constitution of Nepal.
The rift between KP Oli and Prachanda started to surface second half of 2020 regarding power-sharing. There were protests against KP Oli in November last year amid Oli’s move to dissolve the parliament. Three former Prime Ministers joined hundreds of activists who sat on a road near Oli’s office demanding he reverses the decisions. The ex-premiers said Oli had no power to dissolve parliament and that he had violated the constitution. “We’ll organize stronger protests against this dissolution by an unrestrained Prime Minister,” said Prachanda. Oli rejected their demands and decided to go ahead with Parliamentary Elections in 2021. Nepal Communist Party headed by rebel leaders Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ and former Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal expelled Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli from the party in January 2021. The decision divided the party into two groups and which also started a dispute over the party symbol.
India has sent over 2.4 million doses of Chinese Virus Vaccine so far as part of its vaccine diplomacy. India is keeping a close eye on the latest political development in Nepal as the bilateral ties went down south over the border with India. India inaugurated a new road from Dharchula to Lipulekh on the Mansarovar Yatra route which angered the Oli government. Oli government in response released a new map of Nepal, adding to it an area of 370 sq km at the tri-junction of Nepal, India, and China (Tibet), which is India’s territory. There are reports and widely speculated that the Chinese Communist Party has a huge influence over K.P Oli with growing interference in Nepal’s Internal Affairs. It would be interesting to see further political developments in Nepal that are detrimental to India’s Nepal relationship as both countries look ahead to strengthen bilateral relationships connected by history and civilization.
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