The National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) has been commissioned by the Directorate General of Shipping (DGS) to scientifically handle ballast water management at country’s all major ports, officials stated.
According to the Memorandum of Understanding signed between DGS and NIO ballast water in eight ports – Mangalore, Cochin, Chennai, Haldia, Kandla, Tuticorin, Paradeep and Kolkata – will be handled by the NIO.
NIO is already handling the ballast water in the ports of Mumbai, Goa and Vishakapatnam for the last three years.
NIO will now prepare a comprehensive report for the eight ports and the implementation of the recommendations will be implemented in four years.
Ballast water is the water discharged by cargo vessels at port where they are loading cargo as the empty vessels fill their ballast with sea water for stability. This water needs to be discharged when they are loaded and this often results in not only water but also marine life from one region being released in another region.
Over 90 per cent of the cargo worldwide is transported by sea and nearly 10 billion tones of ballast water is filled at one port and discharged at another.