New Delhi: NITI Aayog on Monday released a White Paper on health surveillance ‘Vision Document 2035’ aimed at propelling public health surveillance in India and establishing India as a global leader through the integration of the three-tiered public health system into Ayushman Bharat.
The white paper spells out the need for expanded referral networks and enhanced laboratory capacity.
The building blocks for this vision are an inter-dependent federated system of governance between the Centre and states, a new data-sharing mechanism that involves the use of new analytics, health informatics and data science including innovative ways of disseminating ‘information for action’.
The Vision 2035 document is aimed at making India’s public health surveillance system more responsive to enhance preparedness for action at all levels. The citizen-friendly system will ensure individual privacy and confidentiality, enabled with a client feedback mechanism.
It also focuses on improved data-sharing mechanism between Centre and states for better disease detection, prevention and control and provide India with regional and global leadership in managing events that constitute a public health emergency of international concern.The Vision Document was released by NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Dr Rajiv Kumar; Member (Health) DrVinod K Paul, CEO Amitabh Kant, and Additional Secretary Dr Rakesh Sarwal.
An official spokesman said the Vision Document is a continuation of the work on health systems strengthening and contributes by suggesting mainstreaming of surveillance by making individual electronic health records the basis for surveillance. ”Public health surveillance (PHS) is an important function that cuts across primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of care. Surveillance is Information for Action”.
The spokesman said Covid-19 pandemic has provided an opportunity to revisit emerging diseases due to increased interaction between human-animal-environment. Early identification of this interference is essential to break the chain of transmissions and create a resilient surveillance system.
”This vision document is a step in that direction. It articulates the vision and highlights the building blocks. It envisions a citizen-friendly public health system which will involve stakeholders at all levels, be it individual, community, health care facilities or laboratories, all while protecting the individual’s privacy and confidentiality.”