Skin is the largest organ of the body. It is made up of the outer epidermis & inner dermis. The epidermis has a number of layers of cells called keratinocytes & pigment cells called melanocytes. The dermis contains blood vessels, sebaceous or oil glands, sweat glands, nerves; all of which are bound together by elastin & collagen fibres. The skin protects the underlying structures from outer environmental pollutants by forming a barrier layer. It helps us perceive stimuli such as touch, heat, cold, pain. It regulates temperature & also helps in the metabolism of vitamin D. Factors like pollution, sun rays, stress, irregular food habits, inadequate sleep, etc. contribute to skin damage & premature aging of skin. Thus, it is necessary to take basic care of your skin.
Basic care includes washing your face twice a day; once in the morning and again before you go to bed. You should use a gentle cleanser that won’t irritate your skin. Toners are refreshing for your skin but aren’t completely necessary for your skin type. Always avoid toners that have alcohol as an ingredient, because they dry the skin. Applying a moisturizer will help keep your skin hydrated. Try to choose a moisturizer that has a sun block of at least SPF 15.
Weekly masks can help your skin deal with the environment, whether you live in a very dry area or in a city with a great deal of pollution. Hydrating masks and purifying masks can help keep your skin healthy and can be used in rotation if preferred. Another important part of your routine should be to exfoliate once or twice a week, which will help clear your face of dead skin cells and allow the healthy skin to breathe easier.
Finally, keep your skin looking healthy by drinking plenty of water to keep your body hydrated and follow a healthy diet with plenty of fresh foods.
Skin Care Routine for Normal Skin:
- Wash your face: twice a day (morning/evening),
- Skin cleansers: use gentle cleanser to not irritate your skin,
- Skin toners: are refreshing but not needed by normal skin type, avoid toners with alcohol,
- Skin moisturizers: helps to maintain proper hydration, excellent if contains sunblock of at least SPF 15,
- Facial skin masks: used once a week help with environmental factors and pollution damages; hydrating and purifying masks (used in rotation).
- Skin exfoliators: once per week to remove dead skin cells,
- Drink water: plenty of water helps keep body hydrated,
- Healthy diet: to provide important vitamins for your body and skin.
Skin Care Routine for Oily Skin
Body produces oil as a way of keeping skin supple and healthy. But when you’re producing more oil (or sebum) than what’s needed, your skin becomes shiny, greasy and thick – plus it looks dull. You might also experience large pores, and find yourself with lots of blackheads, blemishes and unsightly pimples.
- The first step to dealing with oily skin involves cleansing in the morning with a gentle oil-free acne wash that contains salicylic acid; use only warm water to rinse the cleanser off of your face. Hot water will only irritate your skin more, and cause a greater amount of oil to be produced, thus leading to further acne breakouts.
- Oily skin needs to be exfoliated on a regular basis, and the amount of exfoliation per week depends entirely on the individual. Directions on exfoliates advise you to exfoliate twice a day for one week, and then switch to just once a day. You may, however, only need to exfoliate two or three times a week depending on how oily your skin is. It’s worth mentioning that you should avoid exfoliating if you currently have an acne breakout to avoid skin irritation. Exfoliating face treatments that you use should contain salicylic acid to remove dead skin cells that can build up and cause pimples. Also, an easy and gentle exfoliate can be made at home using lemon juice and sugar; mix together a few tablespoons of lemon, add sugar, put the mixture onto a cotton ball or pad, and gently rub the cotton pad in a circular motion around your face and neck.
- Once you’ve patted your face dry, you can use a toner to help keep your skin firm, and close pores after you cleanse and exfoliate. Toner will also aid in reducing oil secretions that cause skin to look greasy without clogging pores; you’ll remove any residue or dirt that could be left over after cleansing. Toner can be used to set makeup when in a spray bottle, and can also double as a refreshing spray throughout the day. Use a toner that doesn’t contain alcohol to avoid drying your skin out.
- After you’ve cleansed and used toner on your skin, the next step is to apply a moisturizer with SPF. No matter what skin type you have, it’s important to use a moisturizer that contains SPF to combat wrinkles and other damage caused by the skin. Apply oil-free water-based moisturizer all over your face and neck by dabbing and massaging lightly in an upward motion. Your skin absorbs water-based moisturizers quickly, and this keeps your skin from being greasy.
- If you wear makeup, it’s important to wear foundation that is designed for oily skin. Also, use a matte foundation to avoid the shiny appearance that oily skin is known for. When you’re applying foundation, it’s best to use a sponge makeup applicator instead of your fingers. You might even opt for a tinted moisturizer rather than a full coverage foundation, which enables you to apply fewer products on your face.
- Before going to sleep at night, always cleanse, use toner, and moisturize again to maintain healthy-looking skin. Do this especially when you wear makeup because it keeps your pores and face free from pimples.
Skin Care Routine for Dry Skin
Some of us experience dry skin during the winter months, particularly if we live in a dry climate, but there are others who suffer with dry skin throughout the year. Characterized by a fine texture with very small pores, dry skin look lovely when you’re young, but not taking care of it as you age can lead to premature wrinkles, deep expression lines and flaky or irritated skin. Caring for dry skin doesn’t have to be difficult, however. Here are a few tips on how to take care of dry skin.
Basic care should still include washing the face twice a day; once in the morning and once before you go to bed. Avoid soap, as it can dry out the skin; try a very gentle cleanser formulated for dry skin. Also, avoid using very hot water, both for washing your face and in the shower, as hot water can also dry out the skin.
If you use a toner, be sure that it doesn’t contain any alcohol, as alcohol can also irritate your skin and cause it to be dryer. Moisturizer is also an important part of your skin care routine. You’ll need a rich moisturizer to help keep your skin hydrated and you may wish to try a richer moisturizer in the winter and a lighter moisturizer in the summer.
Exfoliating helps promote healthy cell regeneration by removing the dead skin cells, which helps the healthy skin breathe better, although those with dry skin should only do this once a week in order to avoid irritating the skin. Be sure to use an exfoliant that is gentle and always apply moisturizer or a moisturizing mask afterwards.
You can also keep your skin healthy by drinking plenty of water to keep your body hydrated and follow a healthy diet with plenty of fresh foods to get plenty of nutrients and vitamins. Foods that are rich in Omega-3, like salmon and flax seeds, may help improve your skin.
Beauty Tips for Dry Skin:
- Wash your face: twice a day without soap (morning/evening),
- Avoid hot water: when washing face and during showers,
- Skin cleansers: use very gentle cleansers special for dry skin type,
- Skin toners: if used, avoid skin toners that contain alcohol,
- Skin moisturizers: use rich moisturizers in winter time and lighter in summer,
- Skin exfoliators: maximum once per week and only gentle exfoliators, follow with moisturizers,
- Drink plenty of water: to keep your body hydrated,
- Healthy diet: with plenty of fresh foods, rich in Omega-3 (salmon and flax seeds).
If you want a youthful, smooth and healthy skin, try these effective tips:
- Lemon detox. You should always start your day with a homemade lemon drink. Aside from the fact that this drink is refreshing and can be quick and easy to prepare, it helps you detoxify your body. All you need to do is to squeeze lemon juice into your mug, add hot water and then drink it slowly. This is extremely useful in flushing out all toxins and impurities within your body, thereby keeping your skin healthier.
- Avoid excessive smoking and drinking. Keep in mind that the toxic substances that are present in cigarettes and alcohol are known to be extremely bad for your skin and can cause your skin to age prematurely along with skin discolorations.
- Get adequate sleep. Take at least seven hours of sleep every day. This will help you reduce stress, thereby ensuring that your skin looks healthier.
- Keep yourself hydrated. Make sure that you consume a lot of water every day as water is proven to be the primary solvent in a human body. It is capable of washing out toxins and impurities from your body.