It is the result of the increasing awareness about people’s rights and pressure of the public opinion, that all across the globe, democratic governments and their leaders are changing rapidly now. In most of the countries in Europe, the government is changing every two years, the reason behind which is that the people do not want the same ruling dispensation for more than two years in a row. Two Prime Ministers stepped into office in the year 2022 in Britain alone.
These details have come to the fore with a recent study conducted by the Pew Research Centre, in which the average tenure of the governments of Britain along with the European Union’s 22 other countries following World War II till 2022 was calculated. And it was seen that in most of the European countries, the government got changed once in every two years. The governments with the shortest tenure were formed in Belgium, Italy, and Finland, and they could hold office for far less time periods as compared to the one decided by the Constitution.
On the other hand, the average tenure of the government was the longest in Luxemburg with 4.5 years, even though even this was less than the determined time period of 5 years. As per the Pew Research Centre study, it is not necessary that the changes take place through elections only; coalitions between political parties which resulted in a majority in the parliament also led to the change of government, of which Britain is an example, where two new Prime Ministers came to office without elections.
This has happened in all the European countries, and this is very common in countries like Belgium, Estonia, Finland, Italy, Latvia, Poland, and Slovenia, where at least two different governments have formed and fallen during the decided tenure of the ruling regime.